Water Purifier Dubai

There are many different types of water purifier in Dubai market. The most common types include Ultra-violet and Reverse osmosis. Both have their advantages and disadvantages. Buying bottled water is also a bad idea because it harms the environment. Choosing a water purifier in Dubai that is right for your home can save you money and the environment.

Buying bottled water is bad for the environment

You’ve probably heard that buying bottled water is bad for the environment. The bottled variety is made from a plastic that needs three times as much water to make as tap water. This is not only bad for the environment, but also bad for your wallet. The price of some bottled water can be thousands of times higher than that of tap water.

In the United States, about 11.7 billion gallons of bottled water were consumed in 2015 alone. Despite the fact that the vast majority of the population has access to clean tap water, one in nine people in the world still does not. Despite this, the industry continues to make money off of the public’s desire for bottled water.

Buying bottled water contributes to climate change by releasing large amounts of greenhouse gases. It also uses vast amounts of water and fossil fuels. Plastic water bottles also produce a lot of methane, a potent greenhouse gas. While landfills capture some of this gas, the remainder contributes to global climate change.

Another reason that bottled water is bad for the environment is the amount of plastic used in their production and transportation. Many of these bottles never get recycled, and most end up in landfills and water bodies. Many cities are banning the use of single-use plastic water bottles and companies are trying to develop biodegradable bottles. But these conveniences aren’t cheap.

Reverse osmosis

A Reverse osmosis water purification system is a water filter that removes contaminants from water. It filters out various pollutants and only allows certain types of chemicals to pass through. The process also removes certain chemicals and nitrates, which can have harmful effects on your health. For example, excessive amounts of nitrates can cause birth defects and are toxic to babies.

Another important benefit of a reverse osmosis water purifier is that it is very efficient. Its high capacity and low cost make it suitable for large companies, shopping malls, and hotels. This is one of the most effective water purification systems on the market.

Reverse osmosis systems are perfect alternatives to bottled water. They use the best quality reverse osmosis membranes to remove the most contaminants. They also improve the taste of water. Moreover, they are cost-effective and convenient to use.

Purchasing a Reverse osmosis water purification system is an excellent investment for your home in Dubai. You can ask the professionals at Sani Services to recommend the best unit for your specific needs. Some of these systems include Activated Carbon filters to remove odor and taste. In addition, some of them also remove bacterial and viral contaminants. Another important factor to consider when choosing a reverse osmosis system is the point of entry vs. the point of use (POU).

Ultra-violet

UV water purification is an efficient method for cleaning water to a high standard. It destroys bacteria and other harmful micro-organisms by attacking their DNA. It is one of the most effective methods to make drinking water safer for consumers. In addition to removing bacteria and viruses, UV purification systems remove pesticides and VOC from water. The result is safe and healthy drinking water, and it also reduces bad tastes and odors.

UV water purifiers are effective for domestic use and rainwater. They are easy to install and use. They are reliable and guarantee perfect disinfection without exposing humans to harmful chemicals or metals. The technology used in UV purifiers is similar to the ones used to treat mains water. Read more on WaterDrop.

If you are considering buying an Ultra-violet water purifier for your home, it’s best to start by looking at a few different brands. Forbes, for example, is a leader in water purification systems. It has a strong presence in the UAE and has several different brands. The Forbes Smart Nova, for example, has a three-stage UV purification system, an in-built voltage stabilizer, and an Error Indicator.

UV water filter technology has advanced greatly, with the invention of a new type of UV system. Ultraviolet technology blocks harmful free radicals from water, which can damage the body’s tissues and organs. UV purifiers also have an active layer that blocks harmful contaminants. After UV light activates the layer, the impurities are broken down and only clean water is left.

14 Things You Should Know About CAM Audit

Overview

CAMs, which stands for Critical Audit Matters, came into existence after new auditing standards were implemented in 2017. CAMs are the first significant change to audit reporting in decades, and with those changes come several questions from people who have been auditing for years.

These changes were made to fill a perceived need for more relevant information to investors about corporate audits. The changes now require auditors, new and old, to provide more information in their reports than was ever required before.

Audit committees are now mandated by corporate policy to report CAMs, which in essence are especially subjective, complex, or challenging judgment calls by the auditor. Oftentimes, this info will be about disclosures and material accounts that are reported to the audit committee.

AS 3101 Law

The PCAOB, or otherwise known as the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board, took on a set of new auditing standards called “AS 3101” on June 1, 2017. In response, many companies put this into effect for their 2017 batch of yearly audits. Larger filers in need of acceleration are required to comply with new CAM standards by June 30, 2019. Other companies, in the meantime, are given until the end of December 15, 2020, to conform to the new CAM standards.

As for changes to the auditor’s report itself, those changes must be made on or before the fiscal date of December 15, 2017. It won’t be required of auditors to abide by the rules for communicating CAM if they are already reporting under the SEC Act of 1934 Rule 17a-5.

Details of a CAM report

New auditing standards are given by the PCAOB now require the auditor to disclose their tenure with their respective companies. In addition to that, here are a few other things that a CAM report must have to provide more detail to the committee.

  • Companies are required to address an auditor’s report to the shareholders and the board, not just the committee.
  • Standardizes the form used by all auditors that fall under the criteria for new PCAOB standards
  • Discloses whether the company’s auditor is in-house or independent.
  • The phrase “whether due to error or fraud” is added to all descriptions of an auditor’s new responsibilities under PCAOB standards.
  • Auditors are required to disclose CAMS and how they were dealt with in the audit
  • Auditors must refer to their management’s relevant disclosures

Factors when creating a CAM report

A detailed assessment of the risks of material misstatements by the auditor themselves estimates that dictated the auditor’s final financial statements, alongside statistics from the management team and any uncertainties. The timing of unusually important transactions as well as how their nature relates to the effort and evaluation given to them the subjectivity of the auditor in applying the auditing procedures to important matters, as well as in their evaluation. The extent of necessity on the auditor’s part about to detail the matter. This takes into account any specialized skills or knowledge that were not in the engagement teams’ sphere of responsibility.

Examples of CAMs

  • There are a lot of complicated laws and technical terms associated with CAMs, so it’s about time we use some examples.
  • Companies with material goodwill in their financial statements are an example of a possible CAM assessment. Goodwill impairment in particular is what can bring about the need for a CAM. Goodwill impairment is essentially a charge applied when a company’s goodwill is outvalued by a company’s financial statements (assets and liabilities).  Goodwill is recorded after the assets and liabilities are recorded, which is why it is considered a complex judgment.
  • Another example is potential loss contingency, wherein a company’s loss is discovered to not be in the financial documents and a remote incident. This is not considered a matter for CAM. However, it is a situation that occurs when there are expenses charged for a probable future event, such as loss of resources from an accident or a lost lawsuit.

Conclusion on CAMs

Not everything will fall under the definition of a CAM, and that is one of the most difficult things about including them in reports. Even things that would be considered significant risks can sometimes not be qualified for a CAM. Not all matters, regardless of risk, are particularly challenging, subjective, or complex. For example, as seen above with loss contingency, that does not fall under CAM since it’s just a straightforward loss of money with no subjectivity.

On the other hand, goodwill is such an intangible value that it requires judgment from the committee, the auditor, shareholders, and the board of directors. A report’s complexity will determine how many CAMs it actually has, and once people are used to its standards, it is not expected to make the auditing process all that different. Regardless, most audits are expected to have at least one CAM attached to them. Make sure that as an auditor or a company, you work together to spot any and all complex matters and regard them as such.

With remote work slowly becoming a new alternative, ask yourself “can my audits be done remotely?” because this can help you work with your auditor or company on filing your reports from wherever you may be.

Fascinating Facts about 11 unique animals

Introduction

This short but effective article is about bewitching facts about 11 unique animals. I hope you would be amazed while reading these facts. One will come to know about genetic deficiency of cat regarding sweet taste bud, unique feature of fruit bats, ability to turn female by clownfish, low methane emission by kangaroos, no vocal cord in giraffas, four noses of slugs and long sleep of snails. I hope your knowledge about these unique animals would change at the end of this article. Let us dive into these facts quickly

Cats don’t have sweet taste buds

In 2005, scientist from Monell Chemical Senses Center in philadelphia discovered that a genetic deficiency deletes the sugar detector on the taste buds of cat.

Fruits bat does not use echolocation

They have excellent taste of sight and smell. They have neither the specialised body parts needed to produce the necessary clicks. They rely on their large eyes to see at night.

All clownfish are born as males

They are hermaphrodites. They have the ability to turn themselves female but once changes are made they cannot go back to being male.

Only males are called peacocks

Only males are called peacocks. Females are called as peahens and their children are called as peachicks. Collectively they are termed as peafowl.

Ostrich eye is bigger than their brain

They have the biggest eyes in the whole animal kingdom.

Kangaroos produce low methane fats and burps

This is because gas they release contains less methane than released from other grass grazers such as cows, goats. Credit goes to bacteria living inside their digestive tracts. Such study can be very effective in coming times and will enable cows, goats to produce low methane fats and burps. Methane is one of the most harmful contributor of greenhouse effect and is more powerful than carbon dioxide (Methane is 86 times worse for global warming than carbon dioxide)

Giraffas have no Vocal Cord

Griffas do have a larynx (voice box) but perhaps, they could not produce sufficient airflow through their 13-foot long (4 meter) trachea to vibrate their vocal cords and make noise.

Slugs have 4 noses

Slugs have two pairs of tentacles. Tentacles which are located at the top of head has a small black spot at each tip. These are used to detect lightness and darkness. The second pair is located at the lower part of the head. They picks up chemical smell as well as sensitive to touch.

Fingerprints of Koala is identical humans ones

They have fingerprints that are almost identical to human ones.

Snails sleep up to 3 years

Desert snails can sense when the air is dry as they needs salt and moisture to live. During such weather condition they burrow underground in order to retain moisture. They can hibernate up to 3 years waiting for the temperature to become more suitable for them.

The heart of Shrimp is in its head

This location is very safe as head is covered with thick protective substances

Bottom Line

I hope, readers have been surprised from these interesting facts about these unique animals. In a nutshell, every living being on this earth has something special and when some one will explore these, he/she will come to know how special and unique each creature is. I had mentioned only 11 but their is lot to discuss and write. Meanwhile Glbaat (child company of AI Sangam) has written some static facts of the world which you can find from below link

Static Facts of the World to Know

In a same way if you are interested in technology as well as new trends in software development, please spare some time to visit the below link

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If you are interested in learning about some current affairs too, please click on the below link to see the analysis of IAS 2018 GS Prelims paper

Thanks again for reading these unique and interesting facts about 11 unique animals

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Facts About Kerala – The God’s Own Country as well as The Land of Coconut Trees And Backwaters

More than 10 million tourists visit Kerala annually to experience lucid emerald and turquoise blue backwaters. God’s own country offers a perpetual and heart-rending environment, beautiful lagoons and a tale of exotic wildlife. With a network of 44 rivers, Kerala basks in the lap of nature. This pristine and tranquil state lies in the South – Eastern part of India. This post is about some interesting facts about Kerala that will stun you and will describe things which every Indian Should Know About Kerala. Before diving deep into some of the interesting insights about The Land of Parasurama (Kerala), I wish you could read the below articles also.

10 Interesting facts about Goa that you donot know and must know – Glbaat

10 Interesting Facts About Assam which makes you wonder

Delhi explained | Facts that you must Know – Glbaat

Fact 1: Only State along with Pondicherry to have a female – to – male ratio higher than 0.99

Kerala, along with Pondicherry, is the only Indian states to have a female – to – male ratio higher than 0.99.  Kerala has 1084 females per 1000 males with a rate of 1.084 which is higher than the national figure of 0.940.

Fact 2: Life expectancy in Kerala

Kerala enjoys a high life expectancy that of 75 years as compared to 64 years in India and 77 years in the USA.

Fact 3: Enjoys the title of most literate state of India

Kerala is the most literate state in India with a literacy rate of 93.91% while the literacy rate of the country stands at a mere 74.04% according to the census of 2011.

Fact 4: Spice coast of India

As Kerala is famous for the spices, it is called as Spice coast of India. This state was visited by Jews, Christians, Muslims who settled down here, so it has a blend of culture. Such culture flavors melange (varieties) of spices.

Fact 5: Love of people with elephants

As you might know that Kerala is the only state with the highest number of festivals being celebrated. People shares a special bond with elephants and they play a vital role in these festivals as well as religious proceedings.

Fact 6: Land of Coconut trees

Kerala is very green state with less pollution. Kerala is said to be the cleanest state of India along with Sikkim. Abundance of coconut trees makes this state very special and luring. About 7.70 lakh hectares of cultivated area in Kerala is used for coconut plantation. Its production plays a vital role in the state’s economy.

Fact 7: Land of Backwaters

Backwater is a part of a river where the water does not flow. With a long lasting list of backwater tours, this place is just one of its kind and extends a sense of freshness accompanied by picture-perfect backdrops of greens. Some of these are Alleppey Backwaters, Kuttanad Backwaters, Kumarakom Backwaters, Cochin Backwaters. There are a lot of names and I have mentioned only few of them.

Fact 8: Houses richest temple of the world

Richest and wealthiest temple of India is located in kerala named as Padmanabhaswamy temple. Padmanabhaswamy Temple is located in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India. It is fusion of Kerala and Tamil Architecture. Sree Padmanabha Swamy is reincarnation of Lord Vishnu. This temple is strict in its rituals and mandated to abide by its rules. This temple is open only to Hindu pilgrimages.

Fact 9: Proud to be the largest rubber producers in the nation

India is the 4th largest rubber-producing country in the world. Kerala produces more than 90% of the total rubber in the country.

Fact 10: Home to first church, mosque and Synagogue

  • St. Thomas Syro-Malabar Catholic Church, Palayur is located at Palayur (also spelt Palayoor), in Thrissur district in Kerala on the west coast of India. It is first church in India.
  • The Cheramaan Juma Mosque is a mosque in Methala, Kodungallur Taluk, Thrissur District in the Indian state of Kerala. It is the oldest mosque in the Indian subcontinent. It was built by Malik Deenar.
  • The Paradesi Synagogue is the oldest active synagogue in the Commonwealth of Nations, located in Kochi, Kerala, in South India.

Bottom Line

In a nutshell, it can be concluded that visiting Kerala means visiting the paradise. Watching the movement of water in the Arabian sea, sceneries of light house beach (kovalam beach) overwhelm the heart with joy and happiness. Kerala is the house to India’s first technology park and first state to have 100 % primary education. Kerala is the state with both natural beauty and high standards of education. What else one needs from an state. It is also a state with very very less corruptions. Due to high education and literacy, Female foeticide is very very less. The Anaimalai or Anamala Hills, also known as the Elephant Mountains, are the range of mountains that form the southern portion of the Western Ghats and span the border of Tamil Nadu and Kerala in Southern India. Anamudi peak of Anaimalai range is called the ‘Everest of South India’ which shares its border with Idukki and Ernakulam districts Kerala gets the first spell of rains in India.

I hope readers liked both the starting and ending phase of this article which explained some of the facts about the Kerala. If you have any queries, please do email us at glbaat91@gmail.com.

If you are interested in some technical writings please do visit our parent blog which is mentioned as below

https://www.aisangam.com/blog/

 

 

 

 

 

 

10 Interesting facts about Goa that you donot know and must know – Glbaat

Introduction

When name Goa comes pictures of immaculately clean beaches, trance parties, cheap alcohol and seafood comes in the mind. Following line describes Goa in its own way. “Variegated blend of Indian and Portuguese cultures, sweetened with sun, sea and sand, Goa is the beauty that enchant!”. Filled with a fullness of interesting attractions, Goa is a small state situated in the western region of India with coastlines stretching along the Arabian Sea. In fact, it is termed as the “Fun Capital” of India. Its sandy beaches, happening life and world heritage architectural spots (The Basilica of Bom Jesus) attract over 2 million international and domestic tourists every year. In a nutshell, if you are a beach lover or interested in late parties or enthusiastic about photography, then Goa is the best place to visit. This article is about Interesting facts about Goa that you don’t know and must know. Let us dive quickly into the article to provide you insights about Goa.

I would like you to visit my other two article which may be your cup of tea. I am adding their link as below

10 Interesting Facts About Assam which makes you wonder

Delhi explained | Facts that you must know – Glbaat

Fact 1: Can you guess how many bars are there in Goa???

Goa is home to more than 7000 licensed bars. I am not considering unlicensed ones. If both are considered count will increase further. All of these bars are visited by thousands of local and tourist every year.

Fact 2: The Non-Decomposing Body of St. Francis Xavier

St. Francis Xavier was a highly esteemed personality amongst Christians. He was the person who was on the mission of spreading Christianity all over the world. While fulfilling the above mission in china, he died and his body was brought back to Goa. His body is still kept inside a glass case in the Basilica of Bom Jesus. This is the reason it is termed as non-decomposing body. I hope readers are gaining some useful stuff.

Fact 3: India’s very first printing press was set up in Goa.

Goa is the state which houses India’s first printing press. The first-ever printing press started functioning in the year 1956 when it was brought to St. Paul’s College in Goa. More interesting fact is that it is Asia’s first ever printing press.

Fact 4: House to first medical school of India

Do you know Goa is the state where first medical school was set up. As you know that it is being ruled by Portuguese for 4 and half centuries, this school was set up in the 18th century during their regime.

Fact 5: UNESCO World Heritage Site

The Basilica of Bom Jesus is one of the most popular churches in the world and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Tourists from all over the world frequent this age-old monument which is also known for its remarkable architecture.

Fact 6: Do you know this

Goa is the second State in India after Orissa where world famous olive ridley turtles flock the Morjim to lay their eggs.

Fact 7: Two official Languages

Goa has two official languages which are Konkani and Marathi.

Fact 8: Largest church in Asia

The Se Cathedral church in Old Goa is the largest in Asia!. It was build to commemorate the victory of the Portuguese lead by duke Afonso de Albuquerque over the Muslim army, leading to the capture of Goa in 1510. One of the interesting thing about it is that it had two towers but one of them had been collapsed in 1776 and was never rebuild.

Fact 9: Smallest state with highest per capita income

Some think that Goa is the smallest state of India so it may be not the rich state. No, such conception is absolute wrong. A 2012 census indicated that Goans top the country’s per capita income index at Rs 192,652 on average per year.

Fact 10: State with two wheeler taxi

This state has a two-wheeler taxi. This is the only place in India where you can ask a biker a lift and actually pay him without worrying about riding with a stranger. Such exploration of the city can be achieved with small money.

Bottom Line

Goa is one of the state of India which should be visited once in the life. It has an abounding ecosystem, variety of species, house to Asia’s only naval aviation museum. Bodla, Molem and Mhadei are some of the must-visit wildlife sanctuaries located in Goa. I hope every point which is being mentioned in the article helped readers to gain some good insights about Goa. If you are passionate about technical writing you can visit out parent website and blog which I am mentioning below.

https://www.aisangam.com/
https://www.aisangam.com/blog/

Moreover, you can also visit our photography website to rejuvenate your spirit from below link

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For some cherishable memories and refreshment, you can browse the below video by clicking the below link

Photography Blog by Glbaat

 

10 Interesting Facts About Assam which makes you wonder

Assam is known for many Interesting facts which makes you wonder which may be the sacred lamp, or land of witchcraft or The Mysterious Bird Suicide Phenomenon of Jatinga . One of the world heritage can be spotted here (Kaziranga National Park) and it is home to almost two thirds of world’s rhinoceros population. When I drink tea, first think that come to my mind is Assam. I was surprised when I come to know that Assam has its own state anthem. Assam is the state with world’s largest river island. So not holding these surprises too long, let us read these 10 interesting facts about Assam state from below.

10 Interesting Facts About Assam which makes you wonder

  1.  A sacred lamp at a Vaishnavite monastery in Jorhat district has been burning for continuously for more than 450 years. This lamp is being recognized by the Asia book of records. Asia Book of Records is world record registrar organisation which register human achievement and natural events for individual and institutions based in the Asian countries. The lamp was first lighted in 1528 in Dhekiakhowa Bor Namghar and has been kept burning. 
  2. Mayong (or Mayang, also known as the Land of Black Magic) is a village in Morigaon district, Assam, India. It lies on the bank of the river Brahmaputra, approximately 40 km (25 mi) from the city of Guwahati. The name of this village is derived from Sanskrit word Maya which means illusion. Due to its mysterious and creepy past that involves a lot of black magic, Mayong is turning into a crazy tourist spot.
  3. Brahmaputra river is the lifeline of the all the people living in Assam . ‘Majuli’ is the river island (A river island is any exposed land surrounded by river water) in the Brahmaputra River, Assam. In 2016, it [Majuli] became the first island to be made a district in India. Majuli is currently listed as the world’s largest river island in the Guinness Book of World Records. Majuli being the epitome of Neo Vaishnavite renaissance, is still home to various ethnic tribal groups comprising of Deoris, Mising, Sonowal Kacharis, and Ahoms.
  4. Kaziranga boasts of almost two thirds of world’s rhinoceros population. Kaziranga National Park is a protected area in the northeast Indian state of Assam. Kaziranga also locally known as the land of red Goats (Deer). The national park owes its existence to Mary Curzon, wife of Viceroy, Lord Curzon, who proposed the idea of converting Kaziranga into a reserve forest. It is UNESCO approved world heritage.
  5. Jatinga commonly known as the valley of death of birds is a small village on a ridge located in Dima Hasao district. Birds come here from different places to commit suicide. Usually birds don’t have tendency to commit suicide, but mysterious things happen here. It happens in the late monsoon months and between 7 p.m -10 p.m. According to the villagers, evil spirits flying in the sky is responsible for this. Real reasons behind the jatinga birds suicide cannot be confirmed as there are many reasons cited by the researchers as well as spoken by the public of jatinga. The Mysterious Bird Suicide Phenomenon of Jatinga is a mystery.
  6. Digboi is known as the ‘Oil City of Assam’ where the first oil well in Asia was drilled. Digboi is the birthplace of Indian oil industry and the first refinery of the country too located here. is a town and a town area committee in Tinsukia district.
  7. O Mur Apunar Desh (Oh My Endearing Country) is the State Song or State Anthem of Assam. It was written by Lakshminath Bezbarua and it is considered one of his finest poems. In 1927, at a conference in Tezpur, it was officially adopted as the State Anthem.
  8. Bihu is the major festival of assam but you would be surprised to know that Assamese celebrate thrice in an year.
  9. Assam is the largest producer of tea in India.
  10. Bhupen Hazarika Setu which India’s longest river bridge, connects Assam with Arunachal Pradesh. It is 9.15 kilometers in length. This is also called Dhola–Sadiya Bridge. The bridge is the first permanent road connection between the northern Assam and eastern Arunachal Pradesh.

Delhi explained | Facts that you must Know – Glbaat

Location of Delhi

It is stretched over an area of 1483 sq.km. It lies in the middle of Indian subcontinent between Himalayas and Aravali range.

Which river flows through Delhi

Major river flowing through Delhi is yamuna. Yamuna starts its course in the glacier Yamunorti and flows through Himalayas in the northern plain. It passes through Delhi and then flows towards Agra and finally ends in the Ganga.

Climate of Delhi

It has an extreme climate. It is very hot in summer (april-july) and cold in winter. Average temperature during summer varies between 25 degree Celsius to 45 degree Celsius and 22 to 5 degree Celsius in winter. In short, it has Continental climate which makes the atmosphere cool in winters and hot in summers.

Historical Facts

1.) Name has been derived from Raja Dhillu who has ruled this area for 14 years.
2.) City of Delhi was destroyed and rebuild seven times.
3.) Colonial Architecture of New Delhi was made by Edwin Luyten. He was the architecture of several monuments such as India Gate, Viceroy House (Rashtrapati Bhavan).
4.) Delhi once was a walled city with 14 gates. Now only 5 out of 14 gates are left. These gates are kashmiri, ajmeri, delhi, lahori and turkman gate.

Facts one should know about Delhi

1.) Khari Baoli (in New Delhi) is the largest spice market in the world.
2.) Jama Masjid (Largest mosque in India) is located here.
3.) The only Bahai temple in Asia is located here (Delhi Lotus Temple).
4.) Qutub Minar (build by Qutub-ud-din Aibak) is the tallest tallest brick minaret in the world.
5.) One of the biggest fruit and vegetable market in Asia is located here. (Azadpur Market)
6.) Delhi metro is India’s first modern transportation system.
7.) Feroz Shah Kotla in Delhi is second oldest international cricket stadium in India.
8.) In all of India, Delhi has the largest number of automobile registrations.
9.) Indira Gandhi International Airport (located in Delhi) is the busiest airport in India. Facts in the year 2018 speaks that it is 12th busiest airport in the world and 6th in Asia.
10.) Delhi entire public transport uses compressed natural gas or CNG as its fuel.
11.) Delhi Ridge, a forested region is home to number of birds. Largest number of bird species are found here after Nairobi (capital of Kenya).
12.) Red fort was original white. It was made of limestone. What happens is that white color starts chipping off, Britishers painted the building red.
13.) Delhi is currently most populated city in India and 4th most populated city in the world after Tokyo.
14.) Most expensive commonwealth Games hosted till date is hosted by Delhi.

Voice of Delhi metro

1.) Female voice of Delhi Metro, who speaks in english is Ms. Rini Simon khanna where male voice of delhi metro who speaks in hindi is Mr. Shammi Narang.

Famous places to visit in Delhi

1.) India gate
2.) Hauz Khas
3.) Red fort
4.) Qutab Minar
5.) Lotus Temple
6.) Rashtrapati Bhawan
7.) Chandni Chownk
8.) Jama Masjid
9.) Gurudwara Bangla Sahib
10.) Connaught place
11.) Akshardham Temple
12.) Jantar Mantar
13.) The National Rail Museum
14.) Rose Cafe
15.) Murthal
16.) Raj Ghat
17.) Humayan’s Tomb
18.) Garden of five senses
19.) Birla Mandir
20.) Feroz Shah Kotla fort
21.) The National Zoological Park
22.) Lodhi Gardens

List of Harmful Flowers all over the World

1. White Snakeroot

Other Name:  (White Sanicle or Tall Boneset, Richweed, Ageratina altissima)

Native Place: North America

White Snakeroot found in North America
White Snakeroot flower

It is found in dense growth of wood at the time of late summer or fall. This flower do not harm or kill human till now. When any pet or cattle eat this flower the toxic of flower goes inside them. Further when people use their milk and meat that toxic enter inside human body. This toxic milk is also known as milk sickness and it can cause upto death. At early of 19th century thousands of unfamiliar European Americans were killed due to this reason. Also Nancy Hanks Lincoln (Mother of  Abraham Lincoln) died due to this flower.

Sign and Effect: Depression, Nasal Discharge, Arched body posture, Excessive Salivation and Difficulty in breathing.

2. Doll’s eyes

Other Name:  (White Baneberry, Actaea Pachypoda)

Native Place: North America, Eastern Canada, Midwestern and Eastern United States.

This flower’s plant is mostly found in hardwood and mixed forest. It looks like beautiful eyes of dolls so named as Doll’s eyes. Due to its sweet taste many times children eat them. Whole plant including berries of this flower are very poisonous. This is also very toxic to birds.

Sign and Effects: Sadactive effect on human cardiac muscles and quick death.

3. Angel’s Trumpets

Other Name:  Brugmansia, Closely related to Datura (Dhatura known in India)

Native Place: South America, whole world.

Angels Trumpets
Angels Trumpets found in South America

This flower looks like a pendulum ball. It is found in many colors like white, pink, orange, yellow. It is used in drugs or medicines but excess of using it cause many toxicity.  Overdose of ] this flower produce “Zombi Effect”.

Sign and effect : Paralysis of smooth muscles, dry mouth, migraine headaches, diarrhoea, visual and auditory hallucinations, death.

4. English Yew

Other Name:  (European yew,Taxus baccata)

Native Place: Western, Central and Southern Europe, Northwest Africa, Northern Iran and Southwest Asia.

English Yew
English Yew found in Europe

Only the part of berries armor is eaten by bird. This is very sweet in taste. Whole part of this yew plant is toxic to human. More than 50g of this cause very harmful effects to human. Its leaves are more poisonous than its seeds.

Sign and Effect: Muscle Tremors, Increases in heart beat rate, Difficulty in Breathing, Collapse, Cardiac Arrest, death may occur within hours.

5. Water hemlock

Other Name:  (Cicuta)

Native Place: North America.

Water Hemlock
Water Hemlock found in North America

It is a highly poisonous plant and contains high level of cicutoxin which is close to unsaturated aliphatic alcohol. This is so toxic that any minimal amount of injecting in body cause to death. Even its poison can be injected in body by touching and rubbing it. Within 15 minutes it can cause death.

Sign and Effect:  Nausea, Tremors, Abdominal Pain, Confusion, Dizziness, Weakness and Drowsiness, Respiratory Failure and vomiting.

6. Wolf’s bane

Other Name: (Aconite, Monkshood, Leopard’s bane, Mousebane, Women’s bane, Devil’s helmet, queen of poisons or blue rocket, Aconitum).

Native Place: Northern Hemisphere mountain part.

Wolf’s Bane
Wolf’s bane found in Northern Hemisphere mountains

It is used to hunt animal in many countries. Also it is used as warfare in China. It is found in different colors like blue-purple, greenish or Neutral or intense blue. Its effect shows immediate results and extra dose can cause instant death. Also used as medicine in Ayurveda, chinese medicine, Roman and Greek.

Sign and Effect:  Nausea, Vomiting and Diarrhea, difficulty in breathing, paralysis of heart or respiratory system and death.

7. English Broom

Other Name:  (Cytisus scoparius,Scotch broom, common broom, Scot’s broom )

Native Place: Western and Central Europe, India, Britain and Ireland, France, Spain, Australia and New Zealand.

English Broom
English Broom found in Western and Central Europe

It is found mostly in sunny part and at lower attitude. It looks very charming. This flower is also considered as a sign of plenty. It is also used to decorate wedding places.

Sign and Effect:  Depressing heart and nervous system, affects heartbeat rate, very harmful for pregnant women and children.

8. Lily of the valley

Other Name:  (May bells, Our Lady’s tears, and Mary’s tears)

Native Place: Northern Hemisphere in Asia and Europe.

Lily of the valley
Lily of the valley found in Asia and Europe

Found mainly in cool temperatures and grow in spring season. Its shape is bell like and have white color. Berries colour is red so it looks very beautiful and attractive but in reality it is very dangerous plant. At the part of plant  is very poisonous.   

Sign and Effects: Slow heart rate, vomiting,abdominal cramps, painful death.

9. Autumn crocus

Other Name:  (Colchicum autumnale, meadow saffron or naked ladies)

Native Place: United Kingdom, Ireland, Ukraine New Zealand. 

Autumn crocus
Autumn crocus found in United Kingdom

It contains colchicine content which can cause death. Its poisonous behaviour matches with arsenic mineral so it does not show its poisonous effect, but slowly it spreads in body and finally causes death. The main thing is that it make hard to figure out the reason of death.

Sign and Effects: Vomiting, Diarrhea, Burning Sensation, Liver and kidney failure, heart attack and death.

10. Calotropis

Other Name:  (milkweeds)

Native Place: South Asia.

Calotropis
Calotropis found in South Asia

It produces strong cytotoxic activity. It is known as milkweeds because it produce latex.

Sign and Effects:  Harmful to eyes and may cause Blindness.

11. Wisteria

Other Name:  (water wisteria)

Native Place: China, Korea,  Eastern United States and Japan.

Wisteria
Wisteria found in China, Korea and Japan

It is very beautiful flower and can be tempt to attract with it. But this is very poisonous flower plant throughout. Moreover very harmful for dog and cats.

Sign and Effects: Abdominal Pain, Depression, Vomiting, Diarrhea.

List of Harmful Flowers all over World is explained in this article. Also some famous areas where they are found is also written. Why these are famous and the reason behind it is also given. Hope it is helpful for visitors.

Static Facts of the World to Know

Static Facts of the World are described below. As General knowledge is very important to clear any exam. Here are some of the historical facts and knowledge about the world.

  • Sun Temple, Konark (Odisha)

Static Facts
Sun Temple, Konark

Sun Temple is situated at Konark, Odhisha, India. This is also called surya devalaya and black pagoda. This temple is dedicated to the Hindu God, Surya.

  • Discovery of India, Book

‘Discovery of India’ Book was written by ‘Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru’ during his imprisonment (1942-1946) at Ahmednagar fort in Maharashtra. Total Number of pages in the book are 595. Original Language in which the book is published is English.

Static Facts
Portrait of Jawaharlal Nehru

  • SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation)

SAARC (South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation) : SAARC is the intergovernmental organization composed of 8 nations. Headquarters of SAARC Secretariat are at Kathmandu, Nepal. Secretary- General of SAARC is Amjad B. Hussain. SAARC is established on 8th December, 1985. Eight members includes Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Srilanka and Pakistan.

Static Facts
SAARC

  • Mallika Sarabhai – Daughter of Vikram Sarabhai

Mallika Sarabhai is an activist and Indian classical dancer from Ahmadabad, Gujarat. She is the daughter of famous space scientist Vikram Sarabhai. She performs Kuchipudi (Classical dance from Andhra Pradesh) and Bharatanatyam (Classical dance from Tamilnadu).

Static Facts
Daughter of Vikram Sarabhai

  • India’s First satellite Launching Station is located at thumba. Thumba is a outline district of Thiruvanthampurum city (Capital of kerala).

Static Facts
Example of Satellite Launching Station

  • Vatican city is the country located in the city of Rome. It is the smallest state in the world area wise. It is ruled by the pope. Pope Francis is the 266th and current pope of the Catholic church.

Static Facts
Smallest country area wise

First in World

Humans have innate tendency to evolve, explore and adventure. These are the list of adventures, expeditions, discoveries and inventions which were made first time in the history of mankind

        1. The First person to reach Mount Everest: Sherpa Tenzing and Edmund Hillary. Sherpa Tenzing was a Nepali Indian sherpa mountaineer. He was married three times. He died because of cerebral haemorrhage in Darjeeling West bengal. On the other hand, Sir Edmund Hillary was a New Zealand mountaineer. On May 29, 1953, Hillary along with Tenzing became the first climbers to reach Mount Everest. Sir Edmund Hillary was a great philanthropist.  He had constructed many schools and hospitals in the remote areas of Himalayas. He was also the president of Mountain Wilderness which is an NGO to protect the mountains of the world.
        2. The first Person to reach North Pole: Robert Peary. He was born on May 6, 1856 at Cresson, Pennsylvania, Washington D.C, United states. He was the first person to reach North Pole (1909). In some of the resources, Frederick Cock professed to be the first person to reach North Pole.
        3. The first person to reach South Pole: Roald Amundsen was a Norwegian explorer. Actually the Goal of him is to reach the North pole but he had heard that Robert Peary was leading an expedition towards Arctic so he changed his plans. One of the interesting facts about his expedition is he kept his plans (he was moving towards Antarctica) secret both to public as well as his team as he didn’t want to put the expedition to risk.
        4. First man in space: Yuri Gagarin. He was a soviet Air Force Pilot and Cosmonaut/Astronaut. He was the first person to fly in space. His flight on April 12, 1961 lasted 108 minutes in his capsule VOSTOK. He completed one orbit of earth during his flight. His remains are burried at kremlin in MOSCOW. Coming back to his life and death, he was born near Moscow, Russia on March 9, 1934 and died on March 27, 1968. Throwing some light on his spacecraft, it has two section one for Yuri Gagarin and another for supplied he needed such as water and oxygen. One point that I would like to talk about his death is he was killed in a plane crash before he could travel space second time. Gagarin kept physically fit throughout the life. He was keen sportsman. He was found of ice hockey and liked to play as a goal keeper.
        5. The first country to issue paper currency: China. Paper money is an invention of the song dynasty in china in the 11th century CE. This money was called jiaozi. Life span of this currency is about 3 years. After this, Song dynasty introduced a national currency which has life span of 9 years. In about 1890, it was Qing Dynasty which started producing yuan.
        6.  The first European to reach china: Marco Polo. He was born in the republic of Venice in 1254. He began his journey when he was teenager. One of the interesting fact about marco is he had left home when he was 17 years old and did not returned home for about 24 years. Can you imagine that in these 24 years, he has travelled 15000 miles both sea and land wise. He was buried in the church of San Lorenzo in Venice. Many believe that he had brought pasta to venice but it is not true, instead pasta was the part of Italian cuisine before the birth of Marco, instead he had brought concept of paper money.
        7. The first president of U.S.A: George Washington, was born at pope’s creek, virginia. He is the only president to have never occupied the white house. One of the interesting fact about him was sickliest president ever. He suffered from many ailments such as malaria, tuberculosis and many more. He had an interesting habit of writing letters and had written about 18-20 K letters in his life span. He was a man of few words. Could you believe that during his second inauguration, he gave the speech which was the shortest ever given by the president. By the way he was the only president inaugurated in two cities. He was the only sitting american who actually lead the troops in the battle. He was one of the richest president in the U.S.A History. He loved to dance.
        8. The first European to attack India: Alexander, The Great. The name Alexander comes from the Greek word “alexo” that means “defend” and “andr,” which means “protector of men”. On the day Alexander was born, King Philip (his father) got the news that his general- Parmenion had defeated the armies of Illyria and Paeonia. In addition, his horse had also won at the Olympic Games. Alexander is considered to be a descendant of the Greek hero Hercules from his paternal side and Achilles from his maternal side. Alexander was schooled by one of the most famous philosophers in history (Aristotle). Alexander has a reputation as a big drinker. The cause of his death remains a mystery. Alexander had great presence of mind when it came to military warfare. He was a cunning tactician who would devise ways to defeat his enemies with his superior strength in terms of soldiers and weapons. He never lost a battle during his countless campaigns bears testament to his military might. He had a profound effect on modern-day historians. Alexander was undoubtedly one of the greatest tacticians and military minds to have ever lived. His battlefield tactics are still studied by modern-day military counterparts.
        9. The first person to fly aeroplane: Wright Brothers. From an early age, Wilbur and Orville Wright were fascinated by flight. Their passion was stimulated by a helicopter toy brought by their father. Their mother susan koerner wright was much talented. It is believed that she could make anything by hands. In this way, they inherited such mechanical savvy from their mother. While the Wright brothers were undoubtedly bright, neither of them ever earned his high school diploma. Wilbur became reclusive after suffering a bad hockey injury, and Orville dropped out of school. Both the brothers were never married. Five people who witnessed the first flights of the Wright Brothers are Adam Etheridge, John T. Daniels, Will Dough, W.C. Brinkley and teenager Johnny Moore. Wilbur died of typhoid fever, at age 45, on May 30, 1912 in Dayton, Ohio. Orville Wright died of a heart attack on January 30, 1948 (aged 76) in Dayton, Ohio.
        10. The first person to land on the moon: Neil Armstrong. He was the first man to step foot on the moon on July 20th, 1969. His Apollo space suit was made by Playtex. He fell in love with flying at an early age, and earned his pilot’s license on his 16th birthday even before he received his driver’s license. Astronaut Neil Armstrong was the only professor at the University of Cincinnati that did not have a doctorate, although he earned his Master’s by giving a presentation on aspects of the Apollo 11 Mission. Neil Armstrong’s funeral service was on the day of a blue moon. In a nutshell, he was an astronaut, a naval officer, a rocket scientist, a test pilot, an aviator in the United States Navy, and a university professor.
        11. The first batsman to score three test century in three successive tests on debut: Mohd. Azharuddin. Class, style and leadership are hallmarks of Mohammad Azharuddin’s character. Till date, Azharuddin is the only cricketer with the distinction of scoring a century in each of his first three Tests. In 2000, Azharuddin was embroiled in a match-fixing scandal and was banned for life by BCCI, barring him from participation in cricket. On 8th November 2012, a Divisional Bench consisting of Justice Ashutosh Mohanta and Justice Krishna Mohan Reddy of the Andhra Pradesh High Court dismissed the match-fixing ban imposed upon him.
        12. First Secretary General of the United Nations: Trygve Lie. Let us Delve (hunt through) through some of the facts about Trygve Lie. He was the first Secretary General of the United Nations. He was born in OSLO, Norway on July 16, 1896. He was elected for this post on February 1, 1946 for a term of 5 years. In 1948, he acted as a mediator between India and Pakistani over Kashmir’s conflict. In 1950, he launched 20 years peace program. In 1966, he was honored with ‘Medal for Outstanding Civic Service’, a highest civilian honor in Norway. The reason for his death was heart attack.
        13. The first woman to be appointed judge of the Supreme Court (India):  Justice M Fatima Beevi. There was time in India when doing some jobs such as judiciary and many other are considered to be done by men only. They consider it to be their prerogative (birth right). But in 1989. when Fatima Beevi was appointed as the judge of the Supreme Court perception changed. It was watershed movement for women and paved a way for their upliftment and equal status in society. She became the first Muslim woman to be appointed to any of the higher judiciaries in the country. She studied law at Trivandrum’s law college. After retiring in 1992, she served as a member of National Human Rights Commission. In 1997, she was appointed as the governor of Tamil Nadu. USIBC (United States India Business Council) awarded lifetime achievement award to honourable justice Fathima Beevi.
        14. The first country to host the modern Olympics: Greece. Let us plunge into some of the facts about this country. I hope readers would love this. No one in greece can choose to vote. It is required by law for every citizen who is 18 or older than that. There are lot of mountains in greece. About 80 % of the greece is covered with mountains. Alexender the Great was the first greek ruler to put his own face on greek coin. Olympics games originated in ancient greece. Ikaria is one of the five blue zones in the world where people have the longest lifespans in the world. Football is the national sport in greece. Athens is the capital of greece. It (greece) contributes to around 7 % of total marble produced all over the world. It is also the third largest producer of olives. It has total of more than 2000 islands out of which 170 are populated. There are more than 250 days of sunshine in a year in greece. Every year one month of paid vacations is provided to a greek worker. So in a nutshell, it can be concluded that greece is country of sunny days, mountains, tourisms, olive, marbles and origin country of olympics games.
        15. The Largest Lake (Fresh Water Lake): Wular Lake (Jammu & Kashmir). Let us quickly gain some of the vital information about this lake quickly. It is in Maqbuza Kashmir (Bandipora). Jhelum river feed into this lake. Surrounded by majestic ranges of himalayas mountains and dense alpine forest, this lake is home to diverse species of world. 60 % fish yield of kashmir comes from here. June-August is the best season to visit here. Tectonic activity leads to foundations of this lake. Deepest part of wular lake is called Mota Khon of Gulf of Corpses. This lake is often flooded by water draining from pohru stream. This is not related to first in world but stll i have included this. Please do read this.
        16. First Satellite: Sputnik. The first ever artificial satellite launched by soviet union on October 4, 1957. On this day humanity entered the space. It weighted 86 kg and 58 cm wide. It has two double barelled antenna. It was powered by three silver zinc batteries. It was designed to operate for 2 weeks but the result was beyond expectation and it continued sending signals (radio signals) for 22 days. It orbitted earth every 98 minutes. IT remained in orbit until Jan 4, 1958 and burned up in the earth’s atmosphere. There is an interesting fact associated with Sputnik II. It carried living creature (dog named Laika) in space. Unfortunately, there is no plan to bring the dog back to earth, it died in space. Watching such success of soviet union i.e launch of sputnik in space, it launched its first satellite in space on Jan 31, 1958 which is named as The Explorer I. Sputnik was launched at Baikanur cosmodrome. The propagation of the radio signal provided information about the ionosphere. The chief constructor of this satellite was M.S Khomyakov.
        17. First person to swim English Channel: Matthew Webb: He swimmed the English channel without the use of artificial aids. He was born on Jan 19, 1848 at Dawley, England. The English channel is body of water that separates the south coast of England from north coast of France. He joined the merchant navy when he as 12 and leaned to swim in the river severn which is near his home. On July 1883, he tried to swim whirlpool rapids near Niagara falls. During such act, he died.
        18. First man to draw the map of earth: Anexemander. He was a greek philospher who has deep interest in cosmology. He had made significant contributors to geography and is the first man to draw map of Earth. He was born in Miletus. He was also the inventor of Gnomon on the sundial. He said that origin is boundless. This is called as apeiron which can explain change better than thale’s water.
        19. Country who won the first cricket world cup: West Indies. World cup was held in year 1975 in England. Final was played between Australia and West Indies at lord’s. At that year it was not 50-50 over game instead 60-60. Australia was runner up. It was also called as prudential world cup as prudential pic (a financial service company) sponsored this. West indies captain Clive Lloyd made 102 from 85 deliveries. In 60 over west indies made (291-8) i.e 291 runs and 8 wickets fallen. In response, Australian captain Ian Chappel made 62 playing 93 deliveries but ends at losing the match. Australia was all out at 274 in 58.4 overs.
        20. The first person to score an innings of 400 runs in cricket: Brain Lara. It was 4th test played between England and West Indies at ST. John on April (10-14, 2004). Overall match was drawn. Brain Lara was not out at 400 runs facing 512 deliveries. In his innings he played 43 fours and 4 sixes. Overall 4 match series was won by England (3-0) and Steve Harminson was player of the series.
        21. The First 1000 wicket taker in cricket: Muttiah Muralitharan. He is a giant performer and holds the record for most wickets in one day as well as test matches. He played for srilanka. He averaged 20.80 in test matches and 21.23 in ODI’S (Bowling Stats). His total test matches are 800 and ODI wickets as 534. In 2017. he became the only srilankan to be inducted into the Hall of Fame.
        22. The First US President to resign Presidency: Richard Nixon. He was 37th President of U.S. He was a lieutenant commander in the navy during word war II. Watergate refers to the complex building in Washington D.C. The head quarters of democratic party was located at Watergate office. Several men who wanted Richard Nixon to be re elected as president breaks into the office (Watergate) but on June 17, 1972 they were caught.
        23. First country to make education compulsory: Prussia. It is a German state. Before being absorbed in germany, prussia was major military and economic power in the central Europe in 18th and 19th centuries. It was abolished in 1947 by the allies who falsely claimed that it was an embodiment (representation) of nazism.
        24. First Country to win Football Worldcup: Uruguay. It is a country in the south eastern region of the south america. Talking about its neighbouring countries, it shares west with Argentina, north and east with brazil. It is surrounded with Atlantic ocean in the south east. Spanish is the national language whereas uruguayan pesu is their currency. It is 1930 FIFA world cup which took place at uruguay from 13-30 July, 1930. FIFA stands for Federation International of Football Association. The final was played with uruguay and argentina at Estadio Centenario. Uruguay won the match 4-2.
        25. First deaf and dumb to cross the strait of Gibraltar: Taranath Shenoy (India). He is an honoree of the international marathan swimming hall of fame. The government of india awarded him the fourth highest civilian award of india (Padma Shri) in 1990. Along with swimming strait of Gibraltar, he swam across the english channel thrice between 1983 and 1985. (2 times from england to france) and (1 time from france to england). When he completed his swimming across english channel, catalina channel and the Manhattan island, he won the Triple crown of Open water Swimming from the world open swimming association. His achievements truly inspired us and reminds that anyone can achieve anything

      Inventions and Inventors

      1. Who invented Telephone: Alexander Graham Bell: He was brought up in Edinburgh Scotland. He was a teacher for the deaf at Boston University. It is a private research university in Boston, Massachussets. From an early age in Boston, he had an inquisitive (curious) mind. He became attracted with acoustic and voice patterns. While teaching he was experimenting he played with transmitting sound via electricity. Telephone was developed as a result. He applied patent on March 7, 1876. He also helped Helen Keller to find the treatment for her deaf-blindness. Bell died because of anaemia on 2nd August, 1922.

    1. 2. Who invented lightbulb: Thomas edison: We all know that incandescent lamp was invented by Edison but if one look at the facts and history, there were over 20 inventors. Reason why Edison is credited with such invention is based on three factors. Factor 1: use of effective incandescent material. Factor 2: A high vacuum as compared to what was achieved by other inventors. Factor 3: A high resistance. Team at Edison invention factory tested more than 6000 possible material to choose best filaments in Menlo Park, New Jersey. As a result of these experiments carbonised bamboo was found best solution. One of the fact related to his sleep is that he could go to sleep anywhere, anytime on anything.
    2. 3. Who invented Basketball: James Naismith (1861-1939). He was canadian physical education instructor who invented basketball in 1891. He was not good at studies but was excellent at games. One of the famous saying of him is ,“Basketball does not build character it reveals it”. As the time passed the game became so popular that it became an official event at the summer Olympics in Berlin (capital of Germany). He invented 13 rules for this game for example preventing players from running.
    3. 4. Who invented World Wide Web: Tim Berner’s Lee. He was the man leading the development of world wide web , HTML, HTTP and URL. He is born in London, England. He is a scientist and academic whose visionary and innovative work has transformed humans lives in many aspects. He invented the web in 1989 while working at CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research). He is director of world wide web consortium (organization to lead the web to it’s full potential).
    4. 5. Who Invented Telescope: Many of the people believe that telescope was invented by italian astronomer Galileo Galilei but it is not absolute truth. The earliest work for designing of telescope was done by German-Dutch Lensmaker Hans Lippershey in 1608. Galileo heard about work of hans in 1609. He improved his designs and invented a new telescope. Using this telescope, he discovered four largest moons of jupyter including Lo, Ganymede, Callisto and Europa. Talking more about him, in 1609 he changed people opinion about moon where people believes that moon contains shadow. But Galileo realized that it actually contains mountains and craters. Along with these mentioned discoveries, he also improved many scientific instruments including telescope, compass and microscope.
    5. 6. Who Invented Radio: Many people believe that italian physicist Guglielmo Marconi was the inventor of radio. Yes it is true but let us elaborate it more. For this discovery, there was head to head between Marconi and Serbian-Amercian Scientist Nikola Tesla. In 1884, tesla invented induction/tesla coil which is essential to send and receive radio waves. In 1895, as he was preparing to send radio signal, a fire destroyed his lab. In year 1896, marconi on the other hand carried out his experiments and was successful in sending and receiving Morse code based radio signals. He applied patent for tuned telegraphy. In 1901, he transmitted first transatlantic telegraph. Finally in 1904, U.S Patent office gave italian patent for the invention of radio. In 1909, Marconi won the nobel prize for physics. In 1915, tesla appealed for patent breach and in 1943, U.S Supreme court restored tesla as the inventor of radio.
    6. 7. Who Invented Television: Philo Taylor Farnsworth demonstrated first television signal transmission on September 7, 1927. But many researchers and scientist played a pivotal role in the invention. Donot forget John Logie Baird who invented first mechanical television. Another Inventor Charles Francis Jenkins (American) proved to be instrumental in development of television and camera technology. In a nutshell, television was invented by the contribution of these scientists.
    7. Creator of The Mona Lisa’ and The Last Supper | Ultimate Renaissance Man: Both are created by Leonardo da Vinci. He is considered to be a key person in the birth of the European Renaissance, which saw an emergence of new ideas, scientific discoveries and the creation of beautiful art. He trained under the Florentine painter Andrea del Verrocchio and was simply homeschooled. Apart from his amazing paintings, Leonardo also made extensive detailed drawings of helicopters, aeroplanes, parachutes, armored tanks. He sketched ideas for an underwater diving suit, a self-propelled vehicle and a flying machine that was a precursor to the helicopter. His paintings are very intriguing. He was ambidextrous – he could draw forward and backward with opposing hands simultaneously. He is epitome of art and science. Leonardo wrote of his love and respect for animals. Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates paid $30.8 million for the 72-page collection [ Codex Leicester (also briefly known as Codex Hammer) is a collection of scientific writings by Leonardo da Vinci]. When da Vinci was 24 years old, he was arrested along with several male companions on charges of sodomy. In short, he was a painter, engineer,architect and scientist. His inclination towards knowledge is infinite.
    8. Inventor of Printing Press | Movable-Type Printing Press: Johannes Gutenberg (German goldsmith’s). The Diamond Sutra, a Buddhist book from Dunhuang, China, dating to around 868 A.D. during the Tang Dynasty, is said to be the oldest known printed book. The Diamond Sutra was created with a method known as block printing, which utilized panels of hand-carved wood blocks in reverse. Gutenberg’s design was replacing wood with metal and printing blocks with each letter. He was the inventor of a movable-type printing press, based on a Rhenish wine press and using ink that clung to the metal type and produced color fonts. One of his saying ,“What is truth? Truth is something so noble that ig god could turn aside from it, I would keep the truth and turn aside from god.”
    9. Who Invented Wheel: It was bronze age when wheels of clays and wood were attached to the carts. For a long time, it was believed that the Sumerians from Mesopotamia were the inventors of the wheel. But researchers found that people of eastern and western europe of the same age built something similar. If you really think wheel as marvel (wonder), the contributions goes to bronze age. So it would be wrong to mention a name for it. In other words, there were a group pf people who had given their contribution to invent such technology which kept on improving with the passage of time.
    10. The builder of the first navigable submarine: Cornelis Drebbel (Dutch engineer and inventor). Initially he worked as a cartographer (a person who draws or produces maps) and a engraver (someone who cuts designs or words on metal, glass, or wood). He build submarine under the patronage (support) of James 1 of England. Some reports suggest Drebbel had a chemical means for generating fresh air in the submarine. From some findings, it came out that Drebbel might have had the technology to generate oxygen from heated Potassium Nitrate (Saltpetre). His patents included a thermometer, a perpetual motion clock, a chimney, a dying process, a pump and his thermostat was led to the first automatic chicken egg incubator and the first oven with self-regulating temperature.
    11. Who invented Semiconductors: The term semiconducting was used for the first time by Alessandro Volta in 1782. Michael Faraday was the first person to observe a semiconductor effect in 1833. In 1901, the very first semiconductor device, called “cat whiskers” was invented by Jagadis Chandra Bose. John Bardeen, Walter Brattain, and William Shockley, all invented the transistor in 1947 at Bell Labs. Shockley invented the junction transistor in 1948. So, In short there is no inventor of semiconductor but there are different inventors of instruments made from semiconductors. Development in Semiconductor appliances had progressed by leaps and bounds from time to time.
    12. Evolution of writing: Days back to early man when they draw the concepts to express their ideas. Then comes the time for pictographs where common pictures are drawn to represent the idea. Such can be seen today in some caves. Sumerian and Babylonian civilizations developed a writing system known as cuneiform (for commercial trade). The writing system of the Egyptians came to be known as heiroglyphics. Writing in China developed from divination rites using oracle bones. The first writer in history known by name is the Mesopotamian priestess Enheduanna (2285-2250 BCE), daughter of Sargon of Akkad, who wrote her hymns to the goddess Inanna and signed them with her name and seal. From time to time, writing progressed and new ways were brought up.

You are also cordially invited to read some interesting stuff about 11 unique animals from the below link

Fascinating Facts about 11 unique animals

 Let us dive into some static facts about states of India

      • Static Facts about Punjab

Static Facts
Punjab

      1. Punjab Merged into British territory in the year 1849.
      2. Adi Granth was composed by Guru Arjan Dev ji in 1604
      3. 18 Compositions have been included in the Dasam Granth
      4. Ratnawali is composed by Bhai Mani Singh
      5. Jafarnama is available in Punjabi and Persian
      6. Coins of the Sikhs initially is introduced by Banda Singh Bahadar
      7. Lodi Dynasty was founded by Bahlul Khan Lodi which was succeeded by his second son Sikandar Lodi.
      8. Ibrahim Lodi, the youngest son of Sikandar Lodi was the last Lodi sultan of Delhi.
      9. Daulat Khan Lodi was the governor of Lahore during the reign of Ibrahim Lodi.
      10. Babur attacked Punjab in the year 1519 for the first time.
      11. Babur attacks Punjab five times
      12. List of Mughal Emperor in ascending order of their rule is as below:

          a.) Babur

          b.) Humayan

          c.) Akbar (Jalal)

          d.) Jahangir (Saleem)

          e.) Shahryar

          f.) Shahjahan

          g.) Aurangzeb

          h.) Mujammad Azam Shah

          i.) Bahadur Shah I

         Last ruler of Mughal Emperor is Bahadur Shah II 

      • Static Facts about Himachal Pradesh

Static Facts Himachal Pardesh
Fruit Bowl of the Country

      • First in Himachal Pradesh
      1.  First Chief Minister is Yashwant Singh Parmar
      2. First Governor is Sh. S. Chakravarti
      3. First Chief Commissioner is N.C Mehta
      4. First Chief Justice of India from Himachal Pradesh is Mr. Mehar Chand Mahajan
      5. First lady governor is Sheela Kaul
      6. Mr. Sunil Sharma was the first man to climb Mount Everest
      • State Symbols of Himachal Pradesh
      1. State animal : Snow leopard
      2. State bird: Western Tragopan (Jujurana)
      3. State Flower: Common rhododendron
      4. Summer Capital: Shimla
      5. Winter Capital: Dharamshala
      6. State Dance: Naati
      • Political Facts
      1. Number of Assembly seats: 68
      2. Number of Lok Sabha seats: 4
      3. Number of Rajya Sabha seats: 3
      4. Conferred statehood : 25th Jan, 1971
      • Exciting Concepts
      1. Toy train(Kalka Shimla Train) is the center of attraction. It covers 806 bridges, 103 tunnels and 18 stations.
      2. Kasol is also called mini Israel.
      3. Himachal Pradesh is also called land of deities as almost every village has its own god.
      4. Lahaul and Spiti district is the largest area wise whereas kangra is largest population wise.
      5. “Kharjiar” in chamba district is also called mini Switzerland.
      6. Dusshera of Kullu is very special and lasts for seven days. It starts on Vijaydashmi and attracts a lot of tourist from all over the world.
      7. Floating island in Parashar lake in Mandi is center of attraction

Let us know some Interesting facts about human body

    1. Largest and strongest bone in the human body: Femur (thigh bone)
    2. Smallest bone in the body: Stapes in ear
    3. Largest white blood cells: Monocytes
    4. Smallest white blood cells: Lymphocyte
    5. Largest gland: Liver
    6. Largest Artery: Aorta
    7. Largest vein: Inferior Vena Cava
    8. Weight of heart: 200-300 gm
    9. Compared with brain and liver, kidney have a higher blood flow. To know more about functionality of kidney, you may watch video being uploaded by glbaat on this.
    10. William Harvey is known for circulation of blood.
    11. Human kidney contain 1.15 millions nephrons.
    12. Alexander Fleming is known for the discovery of penicillin Lysozyme.
    13.  Blood makes up around 7 % of the body weight.
    14. Blood cells floats in a yellow liquid called blood plasma.
    15. Protein Hemoglobin is contained in red blood cells. R.B.C carries oxygen. Hemoglobin contains iron which combines with oxygen which gives red color to blood.
    16. Platelets prevent blood clot.
    17. Red blood cells develop in bone marrow and circulates in the body for around 120 days.
    18. Average volume of blood present in the male is 5.6 litres.
    19. Average volume of blood present in females is 4.5 litres.
    20. A new baby have one cup of blood in his/her body.
    21. Humans are the only animals with chins. Some people think elephants have a chin; their lower jaw does have a bit jutting forward that looks like a chin. But it is not chin.
    22. Human nose can detect more than 1 trillion smells. This is done by olfactory system ( sense of smell). Until now, the long-held belief was that we can sniff out about 10,000 smells. But the recent research proved out sensing power is far beyond. Let us make a comparison between eyes, ears and nose. The human eye uses three light receptors that work together to see up to 10 million colours, while the ear can hear almost half a million tones and nose can detect more than 1 trillion smells.
    23. When you’re embarrassed, your body releases adrenaline. Adrenaline speeds up your breathing and heart rate to prepare you to run from danger. It causes your pupils to grow bigger to allow you to take in as much visual information as possible. It slows down your digestive process so that the energy can be redirected to your muscles. The veins in your face also dilate. As they open up allowing more blood to flow, your cheeks become warmer and redder.
    24. The cornea is the only part of the body with no blood supply – it gets its oxygen directly from the air. If blood flowed directly to the front parts of the eye, we would be blinded.
    25. The development of pads on the fingertips and palms start forming during the second and third months of pregnancy. During the third and fourth months of gestation unique markings on the pads is developed. Six months in, the fetus’s fingerprints and footprints are fully developed. The ridges on a fetus’s fingertips have formed three main patterns called as arches, loops, and whorls.